Setting-up a Simple CA Using the strongSwan PKI Tool » History » Version 22
Setting-up a simple CA using strongSwan PKI tool¶
This How-To sets up a Certificate Authority using strongSwan PKI tool, keeping it as simple as possible.
First, generate a private key, the default generates a 2048 bit RSA key:
ipsec pki --gen > caKey.der
For a real-world setup, make sure to keep this key absolutely private.
Now self-sign a CA certificate using the generated key:
ipsec pki --self --in caKey.der --dn "C=CH, O=strongSwan, CN=strongSwan CA" --ca > caCert.der
Adjust the distinguished name to your needs, it will be included in all issued certificates.
That's it, your CA is ready to issue certificates.
End entity certificates¶
For each peer, i.e. for all VPN clients and VPN gateways in your network, generate an individual private key and issue a matching certificate using your new CA:
ipsec pki --gen > peerKey.der ipsec pki --pub --in peerKey.der | ipsec pki --issue --cacert caCert.der --cakey caKey.der \ --dn "C=CH, O=strongSwan, CN=peer" > peerCert.der
The second command extracts the public key and issues a certificate using your CA. Distribute each private key and matching certificate to the corresponding peer.
On each peer store the following certificates and keys in the /etc/ipsec.d/ subdirectory tree:
- /etc/ipsec.d/private/peerKey.der holds the private key of the given peer.
- /etc/ipsec.d/certs/peerCert.der holds the end entitity certificate of the given peer.
- /etc/ipsec.d/cacerts/caCert.der holds the CA certificate which issued and signed all peer certificates.
Never store the private key caKey.der of the Certification Authority (CA) on a host with constant direct access to the Internet (e.g. a VPN gateway), since a theft of this master signing key will completely compromise your PKI.