ipsec.conf: conn Reference » History » Version 66

Andreas Steffen, 08.07.2013 09:05

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{{title(ipsec.conf: conn Reference)}}
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h1. ipsec.conf: conn <name>
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h2. General Connection Parameters
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_aaa_identity = <id>_
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p((. defines the identity of the AAA backend used during IKEv2 EAP authentication. This is required if
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     the EAP client uses a method that verifies the server identity (such as EAP-TLS), but it does not
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     match the IKEv2 gateway identity.
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_aggressive = yes | *no*_
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p((. whether to use IKEv1 Aggressive or Main Mode (the default). Available since [[5.0.0]].
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_also = <section name>_
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p((. includes conn section <name>.
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_authby = *pubkey* | rsasig | ecdsasig | psk | secret | xauthrsasig | xauthpsk | never_
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p((. how the two security gateways should authenticate each other; acceptable values are *secret* or *psk*
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     for pre-shared secrets, *pubkey* (the default) for public key signatures as well as the synonyms *rsasig*
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     for RSA digital signatures and *ecdsasig* for Elliptic Curve DSA signatures.
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     *never*  can be used if negotiation is never to be attempted or accepted (useful for shunt-only conns).
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     Digital signatures are superior in every way to shared secrets. IKEv1 additionally supports the values
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     *xauthpsk* and *xauthrsasig* that will enable _eXtended Authentication (XAuth)_ in addition to IKEv1 main
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     mode based on shared secrets or digital RSA signatures,  respectively.
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     This parameter is deprecated for IKEv2 connections (and IKEv1 connections since [[5.0.0]]), as two peers
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     do not need to agree on an authentication method. Use the _left|rightauth_ parameter instead to define
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     authentication methods.
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_auto = *ignore* | add | route | start_
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p((. what operation, if any, should be done automatically at IPsec startup. *add* loads a connection without
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     starting it. *route* loads a connection and installs kernel traps. If traffic is detected between
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     _leftsubnet_ and _rightsubnet_, a connection is established. *start* loads a connection and brings
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     it up immediately. *ignore* ignores the connection. This is equal to deleting a connection from the config
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     file. Relevant only locally, other end need not agree on it.
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_closeaction = *none* | clear | hold | restart_
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p((. defines the action to take if the remote peer unexpectedly closes a CHILD_SA (IKEv2 only, see _dpdaction_ for
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     meaning of values). A _closeaction_ should not be used if the peer uses reauthentication or uniqueids checking,
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     as these events might trigger the defined action when not desired.
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_compress = yes | *no*_
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p((. whether IPComp compression of content is proposed on the connection (link-level compression does not work on
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     encrypted data, so to be effective, compression must be done before encryption). A value of *yes* causes the daemon
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     to propose both compressed and  uncompressed, and  prefer compressed. A value of *no* prevents the daemon from proposing or accepting compression.
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_dpdaction = *none* | clear | hold | restart_
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p((. controls the use of the Dead Peer Detection protocol (DPD, RFC 3706) where R_U_THERE notification messages
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     (IKEv1) or empty INFORMATIONAL messages (IKEv2) are periodically sent in order to check the liveliness of the
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     IPsec peer. The values *clear*, *hold*, and *restart* all activate DPD. If no activity is detected,
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     all  connections with a dead peer are stopped and unrouted (*clear*), put in the hold state (*hold*)
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     or restarted (*restart*). The default is *none* which disables the active sending of DPD messages.
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_dpddelay = *30s* | <time>_
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p((. defines  the  period time interval with which R_U_THERE messages/INFORMATIONAL exchanges are sent to the peer.
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     These are only sent if no other traffic is received. In IKEv2, a value of 0 sends no additional INFORMATIONAL
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     messages and uses only standard messages (such as those to rekey) to detect dead peers.
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_dpdtimeout = *150s* | <time>_
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p((. defines the timeout interval, after which all connections to a peer are deleted in case of inactivity.
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     This only applies to IKEv1, in IKEv2 the default [[Retransmission|retransmission timeout]] applies, as every exchange is used to
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     detect dead peers.
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_inactivity = <time>_
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p((. defines the timeout interval, after which a CHILD_SA is closed if it did not send or receive any traffic.
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     Not supported for IKEv1 connections prior to [[5.0.0]].
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_eap_identity = <id>_
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p((. defines the identity the client uses to reply to an EAP Identity request. If defined on the EAP server, the defined
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     identity  will be used as peer identity during EAP authentication. The special value _%identity_ uses the EAP Identity method
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     to ask the client for a EAP identity. If not defined, the IKEv2 identity will be used as EAP identity.
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_esp = <cipher suites>_
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p((. comma-separated list of ESP encryption/authentication algorithms to be used for the connection, e.g.
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     _aes128-sha256_. The notation is _encryption-integrity[-dhgroup][-esnmode]_.
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     Defaults to *aes128-sha1,3des-sha1*. The daemon adds its extensive default proposal to
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     this default or the configured value. To restrict it to the configured proposal an exclamation mark (*&#33;*)
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     can be added at the end.
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     *Note*: As a responder both daemons accept the first supported proposal received from the peer. In order
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     to restrict a responder to only accept specific cipher suites, the strict flag (*&#33;*, exclamation mark)
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     can be used, e.g: _aes256-sha512-modp4096!_
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     If _dh-group_ is specified, CHILD_SA setup and rekeying include a separate Diffe-Hellman exchange (since
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     [[5.0.0]] this also applies to IKEv1 Quick Mode).
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     Valid values for _esnmode_ (IKEv2 only) are _esn_ and _noesn_.  Specifying both negotiates extended sequence
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     number support with the peer, the default is *noesn*.
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     Refer to [[IKEv1CipherSuites]] and [[IKEv2CipherSuites]] for a list of valid keywords.
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_forceencaps = yes | *no*_
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p((.  force UDP encapsulation for ESP packets even if no NAT situation is detected.
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      This may help to surmount restrictive firewalls. In order to force the peer to
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      encapsulate packets, NAT detection payloads are faked.
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      Not supported for IKEv1 connections prior to [[5.0.0]].
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_fragmentation = yes | force | *no*_
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p((.  whether to use IKE fragmentation (proprietary IKEv1 extension). Fragmented messages sent by a peer are always
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      accepted irrespective of the value of this option. If set to *yes* and the peer supports it, larger IKE messages
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      will be sent in fragments (the maximum fragment size can be configured in [[strongswan.conf]]). If set to *force*
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      the initial IKE message will already be fragmented if required.
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      Available for IKEv1 connections since [[5.0.2]].
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_ike = <cipher suites>_
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p((. comma-separated list of IKE/ISAKMP SA encryption/authentication algorithms to be used, e.g.
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     _aes128-sha1-modp2048_. The notation is _encryption-integrity[-prf]-dhgroup_. In IKEv2, multiple algorithms
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     and proposals may be included, such as _aes128-aes256-sha1-modp1536-modp2048,3des-sha1-md5-modp1024_.
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p((. The ability to configure a PRF algorithm different to that defined for integrity protection was added with [[5.0.2]].
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     If no PRF is configured, the algorithms defined for integrity are proposed as PRF.  The prf keywords are the same as
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     the integrity algorithms, but have a _prf_ prefix (such as _prfsha1_, _prfsha256_ or _prfaesxcbc_).
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p((. Defaults to *aes128-sha1-modp2048,3des-sha1-modp1536* for IKEv1. The daemon adds its extensive default proposal
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     to this default or the configured value. To restrict it to the configured proposal an exclamation mark (*&#33;*) can be added at the end.
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     Refer to [[IKEv1CipherSuites]] and [[IKEv2CipherSuites]] for a list of valid keywords.
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p((. *Note*: As a responder both daemons accept the first supported proposal received from the peer. In order
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     to restrict a responder to only accept specific cipher suites, the strict flag (*&#33;*, exclamation mark)
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     can be used, e.g: _aes256-sha512-modp4096!_
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_ikedscp = *000000* | <DSCP field>_
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p((. Differentiated Services Field Codepoint to set on outgoing IKE packets sent
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     from this connection. The value is a six digit binary encoded string defining
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     the Codepoint to set, as defined in "RFC 2474":
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_ikelifetime = *3h* | <time>_
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p((. how long the keying channel of a connection (_ISAKMP or IKE SA_) should last before being renegotiated.
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     Also see [[ExpiryRekey|Expiry and Rekey]].
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_installpolicy = *yes* | no_
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p((. decides whether IPsec policies are installed in the kernel by the charon daemon for a given connection.
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     Allows peaceful cooperation e.g. with the Mobile IPv6  _mip6d_ daemon who wants to control the kernel policies.
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_keyexchange = *ike* | ikev1 | ikev2_
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p((. method of key exchange; which protocol should be used to initialize the connection.
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     Prior to [[5.0.0]] connections marked with *ikev1*  were initiated with Pluto, those marked with *ikev2* with Charon.
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     An incoming request from the remote peer was handled by the correct daemon, unaffected from the _keyexchange_ setting.
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     Starting with strongSwan [[4.5.0]] the default value *ike* is a synonym for *ikev2*, whereas in older strongSwan releases *ikev1* was assumed.
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     Since [[5.0.0]] both protocols are handled by Charon and connections marked with *ike* will use IKEv2 when initiating, but accept any protocol version when responding.
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_keyingtries = *3* | <number> | %forever_
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p((. how  many attempts (a positive integer or _%forever_) should be made to negotiate a connection, or a replacement
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     for one, before giving up (default 3). The value _%forever_ means 'never give up'.  Relevant  only  locally, other end need
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     not agree on it.
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p((. synonym for _lifetime_.
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_lifebytes = <number>_
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p((. the number of bytes transmitted over an IPsec SA before it expires. Not supported for IKEv1 connections prior to [[5.0.0]].
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_lifepackets = <number>_
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p((. the number of packets transmitted over an IPsec SA before it expires. Not supported for IKEv1 connections prior to [[5.0.0]].
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_lifetime = *1h* | <time>_
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p((. how  long  a  particular  instance  of a connection (a set of encryption/authentication keys for user packets)
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     should last, from successful negotiation to expiry; acceptable values are an integer optionally followed by
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     _s_ (a time in seconds) or a decimal number followed by _m_, _h_, or _d_ (a time in minutes, hours,
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     or days respectively) (default _1h_, maximum _24h_).  Normally, the connection is renegotiated (via the
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     keying  channel) before it expires (see _margintime_).  The two ends need not exactly agree on _lifetime_, although if they
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     do not, there will be some clutter of superseded connections on the end which thinks the lifetime is longer.
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     Also see [[ExpiryRekey|Expiry and Rekey]].
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_marginbytes = <number>_
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p((. how many bytes before IPsec SA expiry (see _lifebytes_) should attempts to negotiate a replacement begin.
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_marginpackets = <number>_
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p((. how many packets before IPsec SA expiry (see _lifepackets_) should attempts to negotiate a replacement begin.
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_margintime = *9m* | <time>_
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p((. how long before connection expiry or keying-channel expiry should attempts to negotiate a replacement begin; acceptable values
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     as for _lifetime_ (default _9m_).  Relevant only locally, other end need not agree on it. Also see [[ExpiryRekey|Expiry and Rekey]].
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_mark = <value>[/<mask>]_
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p((. sets  an XFRM mark in the inbound and outbound IPsec SAs and policies. If the mask is missing then
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     a default mask of *0xffffffff* is assumed.
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_mark_in = <value>[/<mask>]_
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p((. sets an XFRM mark in the inbound IPsec SA and policy. If the mask is missing then
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     a default mask of *0xffffffff* is assumed.
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_mark_out = <value>[/<mask>]_
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p((. sets an XFRM mark in the outbound IPsec SA and policy. If the mask is missing then
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     a default mask of *0xffffffff* is assumed.
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_mobike = *yes* | no_
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p((. enables the IKEv2 [[MobIke|MOBIKE]] protocol defined by RFC 4555. If set to *no*, the charon
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     daemon will not actively propose [[MobIke|MOBIKE]] as initiator and ignore the MOBIKE_SUPPORTED
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     notify as responder.
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_modeconfig = push | *pull*_
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p((. defines which mode is used to assign a virtual IP. Currently relevant for IKEv1 only since IKEv2 always uses
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     the configuration payload in *pull* mode. Cisco VPN gateways usually operate in *push* mode.
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     The charon daemon currently does not support push mode, hence with [[5.0.0]] this parameter has no effect.
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_reauth = *yes* | no_
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p((. whether rekeying of an IKE_SA should also reauthenticate the peer. In IKEv1, reauthentication is always done.
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     In  IKEv2, a value of *no* rekeys without uninstalling the IPsec SAs, a value of *yes* (the default)
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     creates a new IKE_SA from scratch and tries to recreate all IPsec SAs.
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_rekey = *yes* | no_
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p((. whether a connection should be renegotiated when it is about to expire. The two ends need not agree, but
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     while a value of no prevents the daemon from requesting renegotiation, it does not prevent responding
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     to renegotiation requested from the other end, so no will be largely ineffective unless both ends agree on it.
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     Also see _reauth_.
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_rekeyfuzz = *100%* | <percentage>_
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p((. maximum percentage by which _marginbytes_, _marginpackets_ and _margintime_ should be randomly increased to randomize
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     rekeying intervals (important for hosts with many connections); acceptable values are an integer, which may exceed 100,
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     followed  by  a '%' .
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     The value of _marginTYPE_, after this random increase, must not exceed _lifeTYPE_ (where TYPE is one of bytes, packets or type).
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     The value _0%_ will suppress randomization. Relevant only locally, other end need not agree on it.
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     Also see [[ExpiryRekey|Expiry and Rekey]].
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p((.  synonym for _margintime_.
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_reqid = <number>_
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p((. sets the reqid for a given connection to a pre-configured fixed value.
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_tfc = <value>_
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p((. number of bytes to pad ESP payload data to. Traffic Flow Confidentiality is currently supported in IKEv2 and applies to outgoing packets only. The special value %mtu fills up ESP packets with padding to have the size of the MTU.
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_type = *tunnel* | transport | transport_proxy | passthrough | drop_
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p((. the type of the connection; currently the accepted values are *tunnel*, signifying a  host-to-host,
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     host-to-subnet, or subnet-to-subnet tunnel; *transport*, signifying host-to-host transport mode;
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     *transport_proxy*, signifying the special Mobile IPv6 transport proxy mode;
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     *passthrough*, signifying that no IPsec processing should be done at all; *drop*, signifying that packets
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     should be  discarded.
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_xauth = *client* | server_
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p((. specifies the role in the XAuth protocol if activated by _authby=xauthpsk_ or _authby=xauthrsasig_.
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_xauth_identity = <id>_
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p((. defines the identity/username the client uses to reply to an XAuth request. If not defined, the IKEv1 identity will be used as XAuth identity.
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h2. left|right End Parameters
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Connection descriptions are defined in terms of a left endpoint and a right endpoint. For example, the
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two parameters leftid and rightid specify the identity of the left and the right endpoint. For every
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connection description an attempt is made to figure out whether the local endpoint should act as the left or
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the right endpoint. This is done by matching the IP addresses defined for both endpoints with the
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IP addresses assigned to local network interfaces. If a match is found then the role (left or right) that
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matches is going to be considered "local". If no match is found during startup, "left" is considered "local".
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_left|right = <ip address> | <fqdn> | *%any*_
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p((. (required) the IP address of the participant's public-network interface or one of several magic values.
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     The value _%any_ for the local endpoint signifies an address to be filled in
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     (by automatic keying) during negotiation. If the local peer initiates the connection setup the routing table
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     will be queried to determine the correct local IP address. In case the local peer is responding to a connection
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     setup then any IP address that is assigned to a local interface will be accepted.
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p((. Prior to [[5.0.0]] specifying _%%any_ for the local endpoint was not supported for IKEv1 connections, instead
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     the keyword _%%defaultroute_ could be used, causing the value to be filled in automatically with the local
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     address of the default-route interface (as determined at IPsec startup time and during configuration
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     update). Either left or right may be _%defaultroute_, but not both.
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p((. The prefix % in front of a fully-qualified domain name or an IP address will implicitly set _left|rightallowany=yes_.
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p((. If _%any_ is used for the remote endpoint it literally means any IP address.
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p((. Please note that with the usage of wildcards multiple connection descriptions might match a given incoming
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     connection attempt. The most specific description is used in that case.
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_left|rightallowany = yes | *no*_
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p((. a modifier for _left|right_, making it behave as _%any_ although a concrete IP address has been
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     assigned. Recommended for dynamic IP addresses that can be resolved by DynDNS at IPsec startup or update time.
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_left|rightauth = <auth method>_
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p((. Authentication method to use locally (left) or require from the remote (right) side. Acceptable values are *pubkey*
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     for public key encryption (RSA/ECDSA), *psk* for pre-shared key authentication, *eap* to [require the] use of the Extensible Authentication Protocol, and *xauth* for IKEv1 eXtended Authentication.
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     To require a trustchain public key strength for the remote side, specify the key type followed
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     by the minimum strength iin bits (for example *ecdsa-384* or *rsa-2048-ecdsa-256*).
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     To limit the acceptable set of hashing algorithms for trustchain validation, append hash algorithms
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     to *pubkey* or a key strength definition (for example *pubkey-sha1-sha256* or *rsa-2048-ecdsa-256-sha256-sha384-sha512*).
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     In the case of *eap*, an optional EAP method can be appended. Currently defined methods are *eap-aka*,
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     *eap-gtc*, *eap-md5*, *eap-mschapv2*, *eap-peap*, *eap-sim*, *eap-tls*, *eap-ttls*, *eap-dynamic*, and *eap-radius*.
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     Alternatively, IANA assigned EAP method numbers are accepted. Vendor specific EAP methods are defined in the form
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     *eap-type-vendor* (e.g. *eap-7-12345*).
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     For *xauth*, an XAuth authentication backend can be specified, such as *xauth-generic* or *xauth-eap*. If XAuth is used in _leftauth_, Hybrid authentication is used. For traditional XAuth authentication, define XAuth in _leftauth2_.
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p((. Not supported for IKEv1 connections prior to [[5.0.0]].
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_left|rightauth2 = <auth method>_
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p((. Same as _left|rightauth_, but defines an additional authentication exchange. In IKEv1, only XAuth can be used
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     in the second authentication round. IKEv2 supports multiple complete authentication rounds using
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     _Multiple Authentication Exchanges_ defined in "RFC 4739": This allows e.g. a separate authentication of host and user.
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p((. Not supported for IKEv1 connections prior to [[5.0.0]].
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_left|rightca = <issuer dn> | %same_
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p((. the distinguished name of a certificate authority which is required to lie in the trust path going from the
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     _left|right_ participant's certificate up to the root certification authority.
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     *%same* means that the value configured for the other participant should be reused.
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_left|rightca2 = <issuer dn> | %same_
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p((. Same as _left|rightca_ but for the second authentication (IKev2 only).
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_left|rightcert = <path>_
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p((. the path to the left|right participant's X.509 certificate. The file can be coded either in PEM or DER format.
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     OpenPGP certificates are supported as well.  Both absolute paths or paths relative to
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     [[IpsecDirectoryCerts|/etc/ipsec.d/certs]] are accepted. By default _left|rightcert_ sets _left|rightid_
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     to the distinguished name of the certificate's subject. The _left|right_ participant's ID can be overridden
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     by specifying a _left|rightid_ value which must be certified by the certificate, though.
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p((. Since [[5.0.2]] certificates can be configured in the form _%smartcard[<slot nr>[@<module>]]:<keyid>_, which
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     defines a specific certificate to load from a PKCS#11 backend for this connection (e.g. via the [[PKCS11Plugin|pkcs11 plugin]]).
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     See [[PinSecret|ipsec.secrets]] for details about smartcard definitions.
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     Defining a certificate on a smartcard with _left|rightcert_ is only required if the automatic selection via _left|rightid_
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     is not sufficient, for example, if multiple certificates use the same subject.
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p((. Since [[5.0.3]] multiple certificate paths or PKCS#11 backends can be specified in a comma separated list.
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     The daemon chooses the certificate based on the received certificate requests, if possible, before enforcing
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     the first.
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_left|rightcert2 = <path>_
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p((. Same as _left|rightcert_ but for the second authentication round (IKEv2 only).
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_left|rightcertpolicy = <OIDs>_
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p((. Comma separated list of certificate policy OIDs the peer's certificate must have.
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     OIDs are specified using the numerical dotted representation. Not supported for IKEv1 connections prior to [[5.0.0]].
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_left|rightdns = <servers>_
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p((. Comma separated list of DNS server addresses to exchange as configuration attributes. On the initiator,
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     a server is a fixed IPv4/IPv6 address, or _%config4/%config6_ to request attributes without an address.
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     On the responder, only fixed IPv4/IPv6 addresses are allowed and define DNS servers assigned to the client.
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     Available since [[5.0.1]].
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_left|rightfirewall = yes | *no*_
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p((. whether the _left|right_ participant is doing forwarding-firewalling (including  masquerading)
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     using iptables for traffic from _left|rightsubnet_, which should be turned off for traffic to the
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     other subnet) once the connection is established. May not be used in the same connection description with
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     _left|rightupdown_. Implemented as a parameter to the default _ipsec _updown_ script. Relevant only
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     locally, other end need not agree on it.
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p((. If one or  both security gateways are doing forwarding firewalling (possibly including masquerading),
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     and this is specified using the firewall parameters, tunnels  established with  IPsec  are exempted from
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     it so that packets can flow unchanged through the tunnels. (This means that all subnets connected in this
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     manner must have distinct, non-overlapping subnet address blocks.)  This is done by the default 
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     _ipsec _updown_ script.
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p((. In situations calling for more control, it may be preferable for the user to supply his own _updown_ script,
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     which makes the appropriate adjustments for his system.
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_left|rightgroups = <group list>_
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p((. a comma-separated list of group names. If the _left|rightgroups_ parameter is present then the peer must
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     be a member of at least one of the groups defined by the parameter. Groups may be used together with the
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     [[EapRadius#Group-selection|eap-radius]] plugin.
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_left|rightgroups2 = <group list>_
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p((. Same as _left|rightgroups_ but for the second authentication round defined with _left|rightauth2_.
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     Available since [[5.0.1]].
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_left|righthostaccess = yes | *no*_
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p((. inserts a pair of INPUT and OUTPUT iptables rules using the default _ipsec _updown_ script,
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     thus allowing access to the host itself in the case where the host's internal interface is part
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     of the negotiated client subnet. 
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_left|rightid = <id>_
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p((. how the _left|right_ participant should be identified for authentication; defaults to _left|right_ or the subject of the certificate configured with _left|rightcert_.
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     Can be an IP address, a fully-qualified domain name, an email address, or a keyid.
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     Prior to [[5.0.0]] fully-qualified domain names can be preceded by an @ to avoid them being resolved to an IP address.
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p((. Since [[5.0.1]] _rightid_ for IKEv2 connections optionally takes a % as prefix in front of the identity.
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     If given it prevents the daemon from sending IDr in its IKE_AUTH request and will allow it to verify the 
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     configured identity against the subject and subjectAltNames contained in the responder's certificate (otherwise,
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     it is only compared with the IDr returned by the responder). The IDr sent by the initiator might otherwise 
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     prevent the responder from finding a config if it has configured a different value for _leftid_.
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_left|rightid2 = <id>_
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p((. Identity to use for the second authentication of the left participant (IKEv2 only).
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     Defaults to _left|rightid_.
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_leftikeport = <port>_
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p((. UDP port the left participant uses for IKE communication. If unspecified, port 500 is used with the port
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     floating to 4500 if a NAT is detected or MOBIKE is enabled.
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     Specifying a local IKE port different from the default additionally requires a socket implementation that
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     listens to this port. Not supported for IKEv1 connections prior to [[5.0.0]].
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_left|rightprotoport = <protocol>/<port>_
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p((. restrict the traffic selector to a single protocol and/or port. Examples: _leftprotoport=tcp/http_
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     or _leftprotoport=6/80_ or _leftprotoport=udp_ or _leftprotoport=/53_. Instead of omitting either value
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     *%any* can be used to the same effect, e.g. _leftprotoport=udp/%any_ or _leftprotoport=%any/53_.
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     Since [[5.0.3]] the port value can alternatively take the value _%opaque_ for RFC 4301 OPAQUE selectors,
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     or a numerical range in the form _1024-65535_. None of the kernel backends currently supports opaque or
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     port ranges and uses _%any_ for policy installation instead.
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_left|rightrsasigkey = <raw rsa public key> | <path to public key>_
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p((. the left|right participant's public key for RSA signature authentication, in RFC 2537 format using hex (0x prefix)
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     or base64 (0s prefix) encoding. Also accepted is the path to a file containing the public key in PEM or DER encoding.
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_left|rightsendcert = never | no | *ifasked* | always | yes_
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p((. Accepted values are *never* or *no*, *always* or *yes*, and *ifasked*, the latter meaning that 
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     the peer must send a certificate request (CR) payload in order to get a certificate in return.
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_leftsourceip = %config4 | %config6 | <ip address>_
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p((. The internal source IP to use in a tunnel, also known as [[VirtualIp|virtual IP]].
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     If the value is one of the synonyms _%config_, _%cfg_, _%modeconfig_ or _%modecfg_, an address (from
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     the tunnel address family) is requested from the peer.
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     Since [[5.0.1]] a comma-separated list is accepted to request multiple addresses, and with _%config4_ and
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     _%config6_ an address of the given address family will be requested explicitly.
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     If an IP address is configured, it will be requested from the responder, which is free to respond with a
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     different address.
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_rightsourceip = %config | <network>/<netmask> | %poolname_
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p((. The internal source IP to use in a tunnel for the remote peer. If the value is %config on the responder
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     side, the initiator must propose an address which is then echoed back. Also supported are address pools
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     expressed as _<network>/<netmask>_ or the use of an external IP address pool using _%%poolname_ where
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     _poolname_ is the name of the IP address pool used for the lookup (see [[VirtualIp|virtual IP]] for details).
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     Since [[5.0.1]] a comma-separated list of IP addresses / pools is accepted, for instance, to define pools of
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     different address families. 
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_left|rightsubnet = <ip subnet>_
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p((. private subnet behind the left participant, expressed as network/netmask; if omitted, essentially assumed
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     to be _left_/32|128, signifying that the _left|right_ end of the connection goes to the _left|right_ participant only.
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     The configured subnets of the peers may differ, the protocol narrows it to the greatest common subnet.
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     Since [[5.0.0]] this is also done for IKEv1, but as this may lead to problems with other implementations,
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     make sure to configure identical subnets in such configurations.
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     IKEv2 supports multiple subnets separated by commas, IKEv1 only interprets the first subnet of such a definition,
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     unless the Cisco Unity extension plugin is enabled (available since [[5.0.1]]). 
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_left|rightupdown = <path>_
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p((. what _updown_ script to run to adjust routing and/or firewalling when the status of the connection
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     changes (default _ipsec _updown_). Relevant only locally, other end need not agree on it.
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     Charon uses the _updown_ script to insert firewall rules only, since routing has been implemented directly
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     into the daemon.
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h2. IKEv2 Mediation Extension Parameters
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The following parameters are relevant to IKEv2 Mediation Extension operation only.
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_mediation = yes | *no*_
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p((. whether this connection is a mediation connection,  ie.  whether this connection is used to mediate other
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     connections.  Mediation connections create no child SA. Acceptable values  are  no (the default) and yes.
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_mediated_by = <name>_
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p((. the  name  of the connection to mediate this connection through. If given, the connection will  be  mediated
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     through  the  named mediation  connection.  The mediation connection must set *mediation=yes*.
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_me_peerid = <id>_
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p((. ID as which the peer is known to the mediation server, ie. which the  other end of this connection uses as
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     its leftid on its connection to the mediation server.  This is the ID we request  the mediation server to
514 1 Martin Willi
     mediate us with.  If me_peerid is not given, the rightid of this connection will be used as peer ID.
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h2. Removed parameters (since 5.0.0)
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_auth = *esp* | ah_
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p((. whether authentication should be done as part of ESP encryption, or separately using the AH protocol.
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	Only supported by the IKEv1 daemon pluto.
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_pfs = *yes* | no_
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p((. whether _Perfect Forward Secrecy_ of keys is desired on the connection's keying channel (with PFS,
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     penetration of the key-exchange protocol does not compromise keys negotiated earlier). IKEv2 always uses
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     PFS for IKE_SA rekeying whereas for CHILD_SA rekeying PFS is enforced by defining a Diffie-Hellman dhgroup
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     in the _esp_ parameter.  Since [[5.0.0]] the latter also applies to IKEv1 and this parameter has no effect anymore.
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_pfsgroup = <modp group>_
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p((. defines a Diffie-Hellman group for _perfect forward secrecy_ in IKEv1 Quick Mode differing from the DH group
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     used for IKEv1 Main Mode (IKEv1 pluto daemon only).
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_left|rightnexthop = %direct | %defaultroute | <ip address> | <fqdn>_
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p((. This parameter is usually not needed any more because the NETKEY IPsec stack does not require
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     explicit routing entries for the traffic to be tunneled. If _left|sourceip_ is used with IKEv1
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     then _left|rightnexthop_ must still be set in order for the source routes to work properly.
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_left|rightsubnetwithin = <ip subnet>_
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p((. the  peer can propose any subnet or single IP address that fits within the range defined by
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     _left|rightsubnetwithin_.  Is a synonym for _left|rightsubnet_ since [[5.0.0]], as subnets are narrowed.